It’s a no-brainer that to attract more buyers, Automobile companies try to innovate every aspect of a car, be it design, engine, wheels and even doors as well. While most cars use boring conventional doors, some exotics use different doors which attract a lot of attention.
We all remember the scene from K3G when Hrithik pulls over in a fiery hot red Lamborghini Diablo and open its door. That vertical lifting door is known as Scissor door or Lamborghini Door. Although they have become a trademark for Lamborghini, these doors were introduced by Alfa Romeo in their concept car called Carabo in 1968 designed by Marcello Gandini.
Just like conventional doors, the hinges of scissor doors are also mounted at the front of the door, but instead of opening outwards, the hinges rotate vertically typically at about 90 degrees but some doors go up as up to 130 degrees.
Cars using these doors are Lamborghini Diablo, Lamborghini Aventador, Huracan, Murcielago, Koenigsegg Agera, CCR, CCX, Tata pixel etc.
This type of door is rarely used in production cars. A canopy door is a door which sits on top of a car. The roof, windshield, and sides are one unit made of glass. The hinges can be at the front, back or side but usually they are placed at the front of the car.
Cars such as Saab Aero-X, Volkswagen L1 etc. use canopy doors. They are usually seen on concept cars and are rarely seen on production cars.
If we are talking about gullwing then we have to mention the legendary German Car manufacturer Mercedes Benz. Although the first car to be equipped with gullwing doors was Bugatti type 64 designed by Jean Bugatti in 1939. Mercedes Benz launched the road legal version of the car in 1952. Inspiration is taken from Seagull Wings. The hinges of the car are mounted on the roof rather than on the sides.
Cars like Mercedes Benz 300sl, Sls AMG, Tesla Model X etc.
These are extremely similar to scissor doors but hinges are mounted on A-pillar instead at the front of the door. Thus, the doors open outwards and lift up, liberating more space for entry and exit. All sorts of exotics started having these doors like Enzo Ferrari, Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren, BMW I8 and McLaren MP-4 12C to name a few.
Just like conventional doors, swan doors have hinges at the front of the door and open outward but the differentiating factor is that open a bit upward for better ground clearance.
Cars like Aston Martin DB9, DB10, Rapide, GTA Spano, Jaguar C-X75, Renault Kwid Concept etc. use Swan Doors.
Our official kidnapping car for our film industry is none other than Maruti Omni. The car had the sliding door which made kidnapping much easier. Kidding aside, sliding doors are usually popular in mini buses or cargo oriented vehicles or MPV. Why might you ask? It’s because they provide more easy access for entry or exit from the vehicle.
The doors are usually mounted on a track on the side of the vehicle and slide open towards the back of the car. Thus, giving more access for entry or exit.
In 1953, Kaiser Motors launched Darrin which featured Pocket Doors. Very similar to sliding doors, but instead door sliding outward, the door slides inside the front fender of the vehicle, Thus giving a clean look.
A similar approach was used by BMW in 1989 when they launched BMW Z1. Z1 featured vertical sliding door instead of a horizontal sliding door. The door slides into the car’s chassis making it a unique offering.
If Scissor doors are Lamborghini doors then suicide doors are Rolls-Royce doors. Everyone pretty much recognizes them this way. The hinges of suicide doors are mounted at the back of the doors and thus, the doors open outward and swing towards the rear.
It is said that the term Suicide is given to these because apparently if the door gets unlatched while the car is in motion then the passenger has a higher chance of falling out. Also, if the door is opened there is a high-risk factor of getting injured if the door gets hit by a passing vehicle.
Car companies don’t use the term Suicide but, instead, they use terms like Coach Doors (Rolls-Royce), FlexDoors (Opel), Rear Hinges Door etc. Cars using these doors are Roll-Royce line up, Fiat 1100, Fiat Topolino etc.
Submitted by Gautam Arora